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MixupMapper: correcting sample mix-ups in genome-wide datasets increases power to detect small genetic effects.

October 5, 2014 |

MOTIVATION: Sample mix-ups can arise during sample collection, handling, genotyping or data management. It is unclear how often sample mix-ups occur in genome-wide studies, as there currently are no post hoc methods that can identify these mix-ups in unrelated samples. We have therefore developed an...

Laminin Database

October 5, 2014 |

Laminin Database ...

Prediction of MHC class I binding peptides, using SVMHC.

October 5, 2014 |

BACKGROUND: T-cells are key players in regulating a specific immune response. Activation of cytotoxic T-cells requires recognition of specific peptides bound to Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class I molecules. MHC-peptide complexes are potential tools for diagnosis and treatment of pathogen...

MSAProbs: multiple sequence alignment based on pair hidden Markov models and partition function posterior probabilities.

October 5, 2014 |

MOTIVATION: An observed metabolic response is the result of the coordinated activation and interaction between multiple genetic pathways. However, the complex structure of metabolism has meant that a compete understanding of which pathways are required to produce an observed metabolic response is no...

ARTS: accurate recognition of transcription starts in human.

October 5, 2014 |

MOTIVATION: Finding the potential functional significance of SNPs is a major bottleneck in understanding genome-wide SNP scanning results, as the related functional data are distributed across many different databases. The SNP Function Portal is designed to be a clearing house for all public domain ...

ClutrFree: cluster tree visualization and interpretation.

October 5, 2014 |

ClutrFree facilitates the visualization and interpretation of clusters or patterns computed from microarray data through a graphical user interface that displays patterns, membership information of the genes and annotation statistics simultaneously. ClutrFree creates a tree linking the patterns base...

AnnotationSketch: a genome annotation drawing library.

October 5, 2014 |

SUMMARY: To analyse the vast amount of genome annotation data available today, a visual representation of genomic features in a given sequence range is required. We developed a C library which provides layout and drawing capabilities for annotation features. It supports several common input and outp...

Protopia: a protein-protein interaction tool.

October 5, 2014 |

SUMMARY: High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) is rapidly emerging as a major quantitative transcriptome profiling platform. Here, we present DEGseq, an R package to identify differentially expressed genes or isoforms for RNA-seq data from different samples. In this package, we integrated three e...

LinkinPath: from sequence to interconnected pathway.

October 5, 2014 |

SUMMARY: LinkinPath is a pathway mapping and analysis tool that enables users to explore and visualize the list of gene/protein sequences through various Flash-driven interactive web interfaces including KEGG pathway maps, functional composition maps (TreeMaps), molecular interaction/reaction networ...

A bioimage informatics approach to automatically extract complex fungal networks.

October 5, 2014 |

We present the preparation, resources, results and analysis of three tasks of the BioNLP Shared Task 2011: the main tasks on Infectious Diseases (ID) and Epigenetics and Post-translational Modifications (EPI), and the supporting task on Entity Relations (REL). The two main tasks represent extensions...

Protein-protein binding affinity prediction on a diverse set of structures.

MOTIVATION: Accurate binding free energy functions for protein-protein interactions are imperative for a wide range of purposes. Their construction is predicated upon ascertaining the factors that influence binding and their relative importance. A recent benchmark of binding affinities has allowed, for the first time, the evaluation and construction of binding free energy models using a diverse set of complexes, and a systematic assessment of our ability to model the energetics of conformational changes. RESULTS: We construct a large set of molecular descriptors using commonly available tools, introducing the use of energetic factors associated with conformational changes and disorder to order transitions, as well as features calculated on structural ensembles. The descriptors are used to train and test a binding free energy model using a consensus of four machine learning algorithms, whose performance constitutes a significant improvement over the other state of the art empirical free energy functions tested. The internal workings of the learners show how the descriptors are used, illuminating the determinants of protein-protein binding. AVAILABILITY: The molecular descriptor set and descriptor values for all complexes are available in the supplementary. A web server for the learners and coordinates for the bound and unbound structures can be accessed from the website: http://bmm.cancerresearchuk.org/%7EAffinity CONTACT: paul.bates@cancer.org.uk.

Reconstructing transcription factor activities in hierarchical transcription network motifs.

MOTIVATION: A knowledge of the dynamics of transcription factors is fundamental to understand the transcriptional regulation mechanism. Nowadays an experimental measure of transcription factor activities in vivo represents a challenge. Several methods have been developed to infer these activities from easily measurable quantities such as mRNA expression of target genes. A limitation of these methods is represented by the fact that they rely on very simple single-layer structures, typically consisting of one or more transcription factors regulating a number of target genes. RESULTS: We present a novel statistical inference methodology to reverse engineer the dynamics of transcription factors in hierarchical network motifs such as feed-forward loops. The approach we present is based on a continuous time representation of the system where the high level master transcription factor is represented as a two state Markov jump process driving a system of differential equations. We solve the inference problem using an efficient variational approach and demonstrate our method on simulated data and two real datasets. The results on real data show that the predictions of our approach can capture biological behaviours in a more effective way than single-layer models of transcription, and can lead to novel biological insights. AVAILABILITY: http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/gsanguin/software.html CONTACT: g.sanguinetti@ed.ac.uk.

survcomp: an R/Bioconductor package for performance assessment and comparison of survival models.

SUMMARY: The survcomp package provides functions to assess and statistically compare the performance of survival/risk prediction models. It implements state-of-the-art statistics to (i) measure the performance of risk prediction models, (ii) combine these statistical estimates from multiple datasets using a meta-analytical framework, and (iii) statistically compare the performance of competitive models. AVAILABILITY: The R/Bioconductor package survcomp is provided open source under the Artistic-2.0 License with a user manual containing installation, operating instructions and use case scenarios on real datasets. survcomp requires R version 2.13.0 or higher.URL: http://bioconductor.org/packages/release/bioc/html/survcomp.html CONTACT: Benjamin Haibe-Kains <bhaibeka@jimmy.harvard.edu>, Markus Schröder <mschroed@jimmy.harvard.edu>